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Gemini Program

Gemini Program, Apollo program, Cape Canaveral, rendezvous, specific objectives

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Gemini Program, series of American piloted spacecraft launched to develop the techniques necessary to send humans to the moon. Geminiís specific objectives were to rendezvous and dock with a second orbiting vehicle; learn how to keep astronauts and equipment in space for up to two weeks; develop and test controlled reentry into the earthís atmosphere and precision landing in the Atlantic or Pacific Ocean; and enable astronauts to leave the spacecraft while in space. Conducted between April 1964 and November 1966, the Gemini program successfully prepared the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) to send an astronaut to the moon in the Apollo program. Gemini included 12 missions: 2 unpiloted (1 and 2) and 10 piloted (3 through 12); all were launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Contributors

Scott, David R., B.S., M.S., E.A.A.

President, Scott Science and Technology, Inc., Lancaster, California. Commander, Apollo 15. Command Module Pilot, Apollo 9. Pilot, Gemini 8.



Article key phrases:

Gemini Program, Apollo program, Cape Canaveral, rendezvous, specific objectives, Pacific Ocean, NASA, astronauts, dock, moon, humans, atmosphere, Atlantic, missions, earth, Florida, November, weeks, April, equipment

 
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